Comparison

1

Comparison of Ethics key

This task will compare ethics activities of national institutions with a focus on scalable best practices. The task will entail a comparative analysis of the following items:

  1. research activities in ethics of science and technologies;
  2. deliberative methodologies and ethical debate in research institutions;
  3. ethics boards, committees, or panel, their role and the use of their recommendations.
2

Comparison of Societal engagement key

This task will focus on:

  1. the extent and form of practices related to societal engagement which are initiated by the organisations examined (their formal and informal components, drivers and barriers to RRI implementation);
  2. the existence and influence of environmental constraining and enabling factors (policy mandates, regulation, incentive systems, political or social pressures, etc.) for organisations to start and maintain societal engagement activities, as external (open-systemic) conditions for RRI implementation.
3

Comparison of Gender key

Comparison of the case studies on issues such as:

  1. the relative number of men and women at different levels and functions in the research and innovation work;
  2. their respective carrier paths;
  3. the embedding of gender perspectives in research and innovation processes.
4

Comparison of Open Access key

A comparative analysis of open access initiatives across the case studies, with specific focus on understanding and analysing organisations’ approaches to facilitating open access publications and open data, and on open source alternatives to intellectual property rights.

5

Comparison of Science Education

This task will comprise a comparison of science education activities organised or supported by the national organisations with a focus on scalable best practices. The following two items will be addressed and compared:

  1. new methodologies of scientific education for secondary-school and university students aimed at presenting the latest scientific results;
  2. popular science activities and activities to increase scientific literacy in the general population.
6

Comparison of other RRI dimensions included by the reviewed organisations

Discourses of RRI across the case studies will be compared, using established qualitative, inductive research methods to code the data from each of the national case studies. This data will be used to establish primary themes and overarching ‘RRI narratives’ for each organisation. This will support a subsequent cross comparison analysis across the case studies which looks for commonalities, key thematic elements and areas of difference both in RRI framing and translation into practice, as well as barriers, drivers and best practices.

7

Study of how the keys and dimensions interact and overlap with each other

The different RRI keys and dimensions are inter-related and partially overlapping. It is therefore necessary to assess how these interactions and overlaps play out, on the basis of the empirical findings.

8

Comparison of the national discourses and practices on RRI

A comparative analysis of national discourses and practices on RRI and elaboration of a typology that aims to understand why certain keys and dimensions of RRI are developed in some national contexts and not others.

9

Comparison based on types of organisations (funding organisations/research organisations, etc.) – scaling up to general recommendations for these organisations

This task comprises a comparative analysis of the uptake of specific (RRI) practices addressing the 5 EC policy keys – and other understandings of RRI – according to the particular type of organisation. This will focus not only on differences between research conducting and research funding organisations, but also on differences related to organisational characteristics, such as hierarchy, openness, culture for dialogue (internally and with external groups), conflict level, etc. Barriers, drivers and good practices for organisations of such different characteristics will be identified and recommendations made for the scaling up of practices, targeted to ‘ideal types’ of organisations.

10

Collation of the above analysis into two public reports

One report will focus on the comparison of the RRI dimensions, and the other on the national and organisational analysis. Reports will include a detailed description of methodology regarding the scaling up and associated necessary governance measures.